Why does a computer need cooling?

Liquid cooling and the traditional “air” heatsink of a computer are two of the most important components that we must take into account when assembling a PC Gaming configuration. The main function of both is to cool down the hottest components and prevent them from overheating.

Even if a computer is kept away from extreme heat, it can still overheat. That’s because the processor is responsible for processing information and giving instructions to other components. A processor can become very busy as a result, especially when several programs are running at the same time. This causes it to get hot, and if there is nothing to cool it down, it can malfunction and break, costing the owner hundreds or even thousands of dollars. This is why a good liquid cooler or heatsink made of copper, aluminum or other metal is necessary.

Computers are becoming more powerful and faster, and we see technology advancing by leaps and bounds. The architecture is already very close to the physical limit of 5 nanometers, and this makes new processors more difficult to cool due to their small size. Transistors are extremely small and electrical pathways are even smaller, so temperature expansion is critical. As we discussed, all that processing speed comes at a price: the temperature of the components increases considerably.

Processors, graphics cards, and even motherboards suffer from overheating, which leads to decreased performance. Therefore, it is important to keep all components within the chassis cool and working at the proper temperature.


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